Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a common source of hand numbness and pain, affecting up to 10 percent of the entire population. The tendons in the wrist swell and put pressure on the median nerve, one of three major nerves responsible for supplying feeling in the hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome is often successfully treated with bracing. Refractory cases may need surgical release of the transverse carpal ligant to alleviate pressure on the median nerve.
Trigger Finger occurs when the motion of the tendon that opens and closes the finger is limited, causing the finger to lock or catch as the finger is extended.
DeQuervain’s tendonitis occurs when the tendons around the base of the thumb are irritated or constricted. The word “tendonitis” refers to a swelling of the tendons. Thickening of the tendons can cause pain and tenderness along the thumb side of the wrist. This is particularly noticeable when forming a fist, grasping or gripping things, or when turning the wrist.
Ganglion cysts arise from the capsule of a joint or the sheath of a tendon. They can be found at different places on the wrist. A ganglion cyst that grows on the top of the wrist is called a dorsal ganglion. Others are found on the underside of the wrist between the thumb and pulse point; at the end joint of a finger, or at the base of a finger. Most of the time, these are harmless and will often disappear in time.